FAQ

How long does it take to grow tomatoes from seed?

How long does it take to grow tomatoes from seed?

Growing tomatoes from seed takes about six to eight weeks from sowing to transplanting. Starting seeds indoors too early results in leggy, overgrown seedlings. I aim to transplant my seedlings into the garden about a week after my last expected spring frost date.

What month do you plant tomato seeds?

Sow your tomato seeds in March or April, approximately 6-8 weeks before the final frost of the winter, or earlier if you’re growing your tomatoes in a greenhouse.

Can I plant tomato seeds directly into the garden?

You can plant tomato seeds directly in the ground if you live in a warm climate with a long growing season. For colder climates, you should start tomato seeds indoors and transplant the seedlings outdoors later.

Do tomato seeds need to be soaked before planting?

Simply soak seeds in warm water the night before you’ll be planting them to soften the hull of the seeds and help the sprout break the seal. Tomato seeds do not usually need to be presoaked, but if you’ve had particular trouble with germination, it’s worth a try.

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How tall should my tomato seedlings be before transplanting?

Tomatoes are ready for transplanting into the garden when the seedlings are 3 to 4 inches tall, and the nighttime temperatures are consistently above 50 degrees.

How do tomatoes grow for beginners?

How deep should I plant tomato seeds?

Plant seeds about 1/8 inch deep and press on the soil a little to make sure the seeds have sufficient contact with the soil. Cover loosely with plastic wrap to conserve moisture, and place your seeds in a dark, warm location, preferably between 70°F to 80°F.

How many tomato seeds are in one hole?

Basically, we would recommend planting two seeds per hole and, if both happen to germinate, simply plucking out the shorter or weaker sprout. This applies to both planting in the ground and planting in a pot – going for two seeds is the option that guarantees better germination rates.

How often should tomatoes be watered?

Water newly planted tomatoes well to make sure soil is moist and ideal for growing. Early in the growing season, watering plants daily in the morning. As temperatures increase, you might need to water tomato plants twice a day. Garden tomatoes typically require 1-2 inches of water a week.

Should I top tomato seedlings?

How do I make tomato seeds germinate faster?

Tomato seeds kept at warm room temperature and sprayed with water twice daily should sprout within a week. As soon as the seedlings break the surface, move them to bright light. A full-spectrum grow-light is ideal, but a sunny window will do provided the seedlings are watched closely to make sure they don’t dry out.

Can I start tomatoes outside?

There are typically tomato plants for sale at local garden centers. But you can also grow tomatoes from seed. 1 Because the plants are heat lovers, most gardeners don’t have growing seasons long enough to start tomatoes from seed outdoors. To get around that, tomato seeds are often started indoors.

What is the secret to growing tomatoes?

Adding it is a no-brainer! Spread a 2-3” layer of organic mulch around plants, leaving 2” of room around the stem so water can reach the roots. Protect plants from heat. Hot sun can cause sunscald, leaving tomatoes with pale, leathery patches on the fruits that pucker when they should be ripening.

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How do you prepare tomato seeds for planting?

What is the best soil to start tomato seeds in?

Even though it’s known as “potting soil”, the best medium for seed starting has no soil at all. Use a sterile, soilless mix that’s labeled for seed starting. Never use garden soil, which often drains poorly and may harbor disease organisms. The seedlings on the left were grown in our Organic Seed Starting Mix.

When should I pinch my tomato seedlings?

Pinching seedlings back when they are 4 to 6 inches tall to force new growth works for any tomato plant. Because the plant is young and has not yet bloomed, this does not affect fruit set. Plants can be pinched again as soon as new growth grows 2 to 3 inches, if necessary.

How far apart do you plant tomatoes from each other?

A general recommendation is to place tomato plants about 18-24 inches apart, but plant spacing actually depends a lot on the type of tomato variety you’re planting. Research the variety or follow spacing guidelines on the seed packet or plant tag.

What time of day is best to transplant tomatoes?

All you need is two to three inches above ground. And always plant in the evening, never in the morning; you want to give your tomatoes time to get acclimated before they experience a full day of burning sun.

How many days does it take for tomatoes to grow?

Tomatoes take 60 days to more than 100 days to harvest, depending on the variety (see more about varieties below). Due to their relatively long growing season requirements (and late planting date), most gardeners plant small “starter plants” or transplants instead of seeds after the weather has warmed up in spring.

Can you grow tomatoes without a greenhouse?

You don’t need a greenhouse to grow delicious tomatoes in a short-season cold-climate garden.

How many seeds should I plant per hole?

In general, two to three seeds should be planted per hole. Seeds do not have 100% germination rates, so not every seed planted will sprout. Overseeding holes, cells, or pots will help ensure that the number of plants you desire will grow (or more!).

Are coffee grounds good for tomato plants?

Coffee grounds contain around 2% nitrogen, and variable amounts of phosphorus and potassium, which are the core nutrients vital for tomato plant growth. As the grounds decompose, they will release these nutrients into the soil, making them available to the plant.

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How deep is too deep for tomato seeds?

So, how deep should you plant tomato seeds? The ideal depth to plant tomato seeds is between 1/8 and ¼ inch into the soil. A rule of thumb is the depth of the hole should be twice or thrice the seed’s diameter.

Can you plant 2 tomato plants in the same hole?

Have a little bit wider hole, put together 2 plants, but very close to each other, stick their stems with the tape and after 2-3 weeks they were like one plant at the bottom. So I just cut the less vigorous stem of two and let this tomato-tree grow approx. on the same area underground.

How many tomatoes can you put in a 5 gallon bucket?

ANSWER: Five-gallon buckets make convenient containers for growing tomatoes and allow you to grow up to six plants in a 10-foot space in your yard or on your balcony or patio. Tomato plants perform well in black buckets because the black soaks up heat, and tomatoes thrive in warm soil.

How many tomato seeds can you plant at one time?

How many tomato seeds should I plant per hole? It’s ideal to plant two seeds per hole, the extra seed will work as an insurance when the other seeds fails to sprout.

Do tomatoes need full sun?

Not Enough Sun

Tomatoes are sun-lovers and require full sun, which means that they need unobstructed, direct sunlight for 6-8 hours a day, no cheating or skipping.

Can tomatoes get too much sun?

Tomato Sunscald: Why Too Much Sun Can Be Hazardous to Your Tomatoes’ Health. Tomato sunscald is a problem caused by growing conditions – specifically intense, direct sunlight for extended periods during very hot weather. The excessive sunlight discolors patches on ripening or green tomatoes.

Which fertilizer is best for tomatoes?

Some growers prefer to use a high-phosphorus fertilizer, indicated by a larger middle number. You can also keep things simple with a fertilizer especially formulated for tomatoes – usually with a ratio like 3-4-6 or 4-7-10. Most importantly, don’t over-fertilize. Too little fertilizer is always better than too much.

How tall should my tomato plants be?

When the plant reaches the desired height–usually no taller than its support, 4 or 5 feet is good–consistently pinch out all new growing tips. In a week or so time, the plant will quit trying to put out new growth at the topmost part of the plant and concentrate on new growth and fruit below.

How do I stop my tomato plants from growing too tall?

ANSWER: You can prevent your tomatoes from growing too tall by pruning them. Pruning also encourages the plant to grow fruits instead of creating more foliage. Always use clean, sterilized shears when you prune to avoid spreading disease in your garden.

Should I cut off the tops of my tomato plants?

Do not forget to cut back the tops weekly as the plant puts on new growth. Each time you top the plant it diverts energy to the lateral stems, which slows top growth and may stop it completely.

Do tomatoes need light to germinate?

Tomato seeds do not need light to germinate, but they do need proper warmth and moisture. Temperatures around 70 degrees are ideal.

Do tomatoes need heat to germinate?

Light is ok, but not needed during the germination process. If temperature is kept consistently and sufficiently warm, your tomato seeds will usually germinate within 5 to 10 days. Best to keep temperature range 70 to 80F (21 to 27C). The lower the temperature the slower the germination.

Why are my tomato seeds not germinating?

Tomato seeds will not sprout if they are too cold (or too hot), too dry, or too old. Two of the most important factors for seed germination are soil temperature and soil moisture. If the soil is too cold (or too hot), then none of the other factors will matter, so we’ll begin with temperature.

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